Learn Russian With мела , E05 – Parts Of Speech; Pronoun

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Hello
Привет (privet)

I welcome you to this episode of learn Russian with мела.

Last time, we learnt how Russian nouns are also number sensitive. To view the previous lesson just click HERE

And if you had missed the first lesson of alphabets which is a very weighty foundation for learning russian language , click http://luyisupdates.com.ng/learn-russian-мела-e01-alphabet-numbers-русский-алфавит/

TODAY, we shall continue our lessons on parts of speech, looking into “Pronoun” .

DON’T FORGET : The words written in bracket is our pronunciation guide. Pronounce them well and you’re good.

Before we continue, let us remember that a pronoun is a word, or those words used instead of a noun. That is, a pronoun can conveniently replace a noun, without altering the meaning. Местоимения это слова, которые указывают на предметы и лица или их признаки, но не называют их. (mestoimenye eta slova, Kotorie ukazivaut na predmeti e litse ili ik priznaki, nor Ni nazivaoot ik).

pronoun

Russian personal pronoun

На пример… (Na primer)… For example,

(1) Джон хороший мальчик… (John horoshiy malchick)

================>>

John is a good boy.

(2) Он хороший мальчик… (on horoshiy malchick)

================>>

He is a good boy.

In the sentences above, “He” in sentence two is an example of pronoun used instead of “John” a proper noun used in sentence one, yet refering to the same person.

It is good to note that, in the premises of a pronoun, there must have been a foundational idea or knowledge about the subject in question.

That is to say, the meaning of a pronoun used is better understood by a discussant with a previous knowledge of the subject.

На пример… (Na primer)… For example,

(1) Джон мальчик… (John malchick)

=================>>

John is a boy.

(2) Он мой сосед…( on moi sased)

=================>>

He is my neighbor.

N. B sentence two not only gave an extended information on the subject in question, but also got rid of repetition.

есть девять типов местоимения в русском языке… (est devyat tipov mestoimenye v Ruskom yizike)… There are none (9) types of pronoun in Russian language, they include :

1. Личные местоимения…. (Lichiye mestoimenye)….Personal pronoun

2. Возвратное местоимение….(vrazvratnoye mestoimenye)…. Reflexive pronoun

3. Притяжательные местоимения…. (prityazhatelniye mestoimenye)….Possessive pronoun

4. Указательные местоимения…. (ukazatelniye mestoimenye)…. Demonstrative pronoun

5. Определительные местоимения…. (opredelitelniye mestoimenye)…. Attributive pronoun

6. Вопросительные местоимения…. (voprositelniye mestoimenye)…. Interrogative pronoun

7. Относителные местоимения…. (otnositelniye mestoimenye)…. Relational pronoun

8. Отрицательные местоимения…. (otritsatelniye mestoimenye)…. Negative pronoun

9. Неопределенные местоимения…. (neopredelniye mestoimenye)…. Indefinite pronoun

на сегодняшний день, мы бы рассмотреть четыре из них… (Na sevodnyashii seen, myi byui rasmotrit Chetiri iz nik)… For today, we would consider four of them.

1. Личные – заменяют имя лица или название предмета. На пример, Я, Ты, Вы, Она, Они, Он, Мы, Оно (lichni zamenaoot Imya litse ili nazvaniye predmeta. Na primer, ya, ti, vi, ana, ani, on, Myui. Ano. )
Personal pronoun, are words used to replace a proper noun such as : I, you, she, they, he, we, it.

For example,

Вместо…(vmesta)…Instead

(1) Тоби хороший мальчик… (Tobi horoshiy malchick)…Tobi is a good boy.

(2) Тола хорошая девочка… (Tola horoshaya devuchka)…Tola is a good girl.

(3) виси красивая… (Bisi Krasivaya)…Bisi is beautiful.

(4) болу и bayo мои сыновей…(Bolu e bayo moi sinovei) … Bolu and Bayo are my sons.

Вы говорите… (vi govarite)…You say :

(1) Он хороший мальчик… (on horoshiy malchick)…He is a good boy.

(2) Я хорошая девочка… (ya horoshaya devochka)…she is a good girl.

(3) Она красивая… (ana Krasivaya) …She is beautiful.

(4) Они мои сновеи…(ani moi sinovei)… They are my sons.

2. Возвратное – обозначает объект, который является одновременно субъектом действия на пример : себя… ( vosvratnoe obaznachaet abyekt, Katori yavlyaetsya adnovremeno Subektom deistvya. Na primer : Sibya)…. Reflexive pronouns are words used to replace a noun in a sentence which is the subject as well as the object. They include : myself, herself, themselves, yourself himself, ourselves, itself.

For example,

(1) я купались себя…(ya kupalsya Sibya)…I bathed myself.

(2) она сделала ее работа сама…(ana sedella yeyo rabota Sama)…he did her work by herself.

(3) он играл на себя…(on igral na sebya)…He played by himself.

3. Притяжательные – указывают, кому принадлежит предмет. На пример : моя, его, их, её … ( prityazhatelniye ukazivaut, Kamu prinadlezhit predmet. Na primer : Maya, ivo, ik, eyo). Possessive pronouns shows one who owns an object. They include : mine, yours, theirs, ours, his, hers, it’s

For example,

(1) Это моя книга…(eta Maya kniga)…The book is mine.

(2) что автомобиль его…( chto avtomobil ivo)…That car is his.

(3) что их автомобиля…(chto ik avtomobilya)…That is their car.

(4) она моя мать…(ana Maya mat)… She is my mother.

4. Указательные – указывают на предмет или какое-нибудь качество предмета на пример : это, этот, эта, эти, тот, то, те, И.Т.Д (ukazatelniye ukazivaut na predmet ili kakoye-nibud kachestvo predmeta na primer : eto, etot, eta, eti, tot, to, tey, e t.c)… Demonstrative pronouns points out the subject, or any of it’s qualities. They include : this, these, those, that.

For example,

(1) Это мои книги…(eto moi knigi)…These are my books.

(2) Что мой платье…(chto moii Platye)…hat is my dress.

(3) Tе, ваши одноклассников…(te vashi adnoklasnikov)… Those are your classmates.

With these, we come to the end of today’s lesson, hope you join us next week for another educating episode.
Пока (paka)… ?

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR
мела
I am Ogbuka Chiemela Christiana, a Russian student of university of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State. I can do magic with your hair as your own hair stylist, a pedicurist, manicurist, a language tutor, and an addicted translator.

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