Learn Russian With мела, E04 – Nouns; Singular & Plural

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Hello

Привет (privet)

Welcome to this episode of learn Russian with мела.

Last time we learnt something on parts of speech, ( Noun), and how they are gender sensitive. To view the previous lesson click HERE

And if you missed the first lesson of alphabets, click HERE as it will help make easier your understanding.

Today we continue our lesson on “Noun” Considering how Russian nouns are also number sensitive.

nouns

PLEASE DON’T FORGET : The essence of he words written in bracket is to give you exactly how the words are pronounced. If you pronounce just as written, you have no problem.

Just like in English language, Russian nouns also change with respect to numbers.

For example,

1) Meaning =====>> Table

Singular =====>> Стол (stall)

Plural =====>> Столы (stalli)

2) Meaning =====>> Chair

Singular =====>> Стул (stool)

Plural =====>> Стулья (stoolya)

3) Meaning =====>> Picture

Singular =====>> Картина (Cartina)

Plural =====>> Картины (Cartini)

4) Meaning =====>> Window

Singular =====>> Окно (akno)

Plural =====>> Окна (Akna)

5) Meaning =====>> Leg

Singular =====>> Нога (noga)

Plural =====>> Ноги ( nogi)

6) Meaning =====>> Sea

Singular =====>> Море (morye)

Plural =====>> Моря (morya)

If you noticed, just like in English language, there are instances you add plural markers “s”, or “es”, or “ies” and so on. So also in Russian language, there are instances you add “ы”, “а”, “и”, “я”. All cases are not same.

For nouns (mostly feminine) with “ь”, “и”, “я”, “ия” endings, they take “и” as their plural marker.

For example,
_______________________________________
“ь”

1) Meaning ==== >> Russian currency (Naira equivalence)

Singular ==== >> Рубль (ruble)
Plural ==== >> Рубли (rubli)

2) Meaning ==== >> Door
Singular ==== >> Дверь (dver) Plural ==== >> двери (dveri)

3) Meaning ==== >> Steel

Singular ==== >> Сталь (stal)
Plural ==== >> Стали (stali)

4) Meaning ==== >> Speech

Singular ==== >> Речь (rech)

Plural ==== >> Pечи (rechi)

_______________________________________
“й”

1) Meaning ==== >> Tram

Singular ==== >> Трамвай (tramvai)
Plural ==== >> Трамваи (tramvaii)

2) Meaning ==== >> Hero

Singular ==== >> Герой (Jiroi)
Plural ==== >> Герои (Jiroii)

3) Meaning ==== >> Level

Singular ==== >> Слой (sloi)
Plural ==== >> Слои (sloii)

_______________________________________
“я”

1) Meaning ==== >> Song

Singular ==== >> Песня (persnia)
Plural ==== >> Песни (persni)

2) Meaning ==== >> Earth
Singular ==== >> Земля (zemlya)
Plural ==== >> Земли (zemli)

_______________________________________
“ия”

1) Meaning ==== >> Surname
Singular ==== >> Фамилия(familia)
Plural ==== >> Фамилии (family)

2) Meaning ==== >> Company.
Singular ==== >>Компания (compania)

Plural ==== >> Компании (company)

3) Meaning ==== >> History.
Singular ==== >>История (historiya)
Plural ==== >> Истории (history)

4) Meaning ==== >> Party.
Singular ==== >> Партия (partiya)

Plural ==== >> Партии

nouns

Most common Russian nouns

For nouns (usually masculine) with “к”,”г”, “х”, “ш”, “щ”, “ч”, “ж” endings, take “и” as their plural marker.

For example,

1) Meaning ==== >> Boy
Singular ==== >>Мальчик(malchick)

Plural ==== >> Мальчики (malchicki)

2) Meaning==== >> Girl
Singular ==== >>Девочка (devochka)

Plural ==== >> Девочки (devochki)

3) Meaning ==== >> Book
Singular ==== >> Книга (kniga)
Plural ==== >> Книги (knigi)

4) Meaning ==== >> Leg
Singular ==== >> Нога (noga)
Plural ==== >> Ноги (nogi)

5)Meaning ==== >> Nut
Singular ==== >> Орех (ariok)
Plural ==== >> Орехи (arioki)

6) Meaning ==== >> Pencil
Singular====>>Карандаш(carandash)
Plural ====>>Карандаши(carandashi)

7) Meaning ==== >> Cape
Singular ==== >> Плащ (plash)
Plural ==== >> Плащи (Plashi)

8) Meaning ==== >> Ball
Singular ==== >> Мяч (Miyatch)

Plural ==== >> Мячи (miyatchi)

9) Meaning ==== >> Case
Singular ==== >> Падеж (Padesh)
Plural ==== >> Падежи (Padeshi)

10) Meaning ==== >> Knife
Singular ==== >> Нож (Nozh)
Plural ==== >> Ножи (nozhi)

You must have noticed that both masculine and feminine nouns take “и” as their plural marker. Am sure you are coming along.

For neuter gender nouns, the plural endings depends on the singular endings. That is, the last word of the singular form determines the plural maker it takes.

Therefore, while nouns with “о” endings take “а” as a plural marker, nouns with “е” takes “я”, and “мя” takes “ена”.

For example,
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“О”

1) Meaning ==== >> Window
Singular ==== >> Окно (akno)
Plural ==== >> Окна (Akna)

2) Meaning ==== >> Number
Singular ==== >> Число (chislo)
Plural ==== >> Числа (chisla)

3) Meaning ==== >> Letter
Singular ==== >> Письмо (pismo
Plural ==== >> Письма (pisma)

_______________________________________
“Е”

1) Meaning ==== >> Sea
Singular ==== >> Море (morye)
Plural ==== >> Моря (morya)

2) Meaning ==== >> Pole
Singular ==== >> Поле (polye
Plural ==== >> Поля (polya)

_______________________________________
“МЯ”

1) Meaning ==== >> Flag
Singular ==== >> Знамя (znamya)
Plural ==== >> Знамена (znamena)

2) Meaning ==== >> Time
Singular ==== >> Время (Vremya)
Plural ==== >> Времена (Vremena)

3) Meaning ==== >> Name
Singular ==== >> Имя (Imya)
Plural ==== >> Имена (imena)

4) Meaning ==== >> Seed
Singular ==== >> Семя (Semya)
Plural ==== >> Семена (Semena)

With these, we come to the end of today’s lesson, I hope it was not so exhausting? ?

And remember, practice aids perfection. So try as much as possible to practice them over again.

Don’t forget to join us next week for another interesting yet educating episode.

Пока (paka) ?

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR
мела
I am Ogbuka Chiemela Christiana, a Russian student of university of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State. I can do magic with your hair as your own hair stylist, a pedicurist, manicurist, a language tutor, and an addicted translator.

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  1. Pingback: Learn Russian With мела , E05 - Parts Of Speech; Pronoun - LUYIS UPDATES

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