Heute ist schon hier!
Wir haben eine andere Gelengeheit, Deutsch zu lernen und sprechen!
Ja, Wie geht es Ihnen heute? Fur mich ist alles in Ordnung! Ich bin glücklich!!
Last session, we added to our german word list and how to adequately use them – das ist gut, ich bin glucklich, mir is langweilig! Yea!!
In case you missed the previous lesson, click HERE
Today, we’ll be moving further.
ANOTHER QUESTION TODAY –—>>
das ist gut means that is good;
ich bin traurig means I am sad;
mir is langweilig means I am bored/that is boring to me…
what do you see? What is common to the three? Any Idea?
THE VERB!! THE VERB IS THE SAME!
Yes! You remember Ich bin Una reina?
So, today, we’ll be looking at the conjugation of the verb ‘to be’.
Before that, let’s briefly take a look at the common pronouns in German.
German language is known for its peculiarity and use of different case the nominative, accusative, the dative and the genitive.
Today, we will look at the nominative pronoun case. It goes thus:
ich (isch) – I
du (duu) – you
er (err) – he
sie (zee as in ZEE world) – she
es – (S) it
wir (vier) – we
ihr – (ear) you
sie – (ear) they
Sie – (zee) you
Are you confused with du, ihr and Sie? Or with sie, sie and Sie?
du, ihr & Sie – YOU. But how come?
du – this is used when you are referring to just one person i.e the singular You. It can also be used for informal tense ( as in Iwo in Yoruba, tu in French)
ihr – this is used when you are referring to many people i.e the plural You (as in Eyin in Yoruba and vous in French)
Sie – note that the first letter of this word starts with a capital letter. This ‘Sie’ is used when you are referring to just one person but in a formal sense
i.e this is what you use when you are in an organization or official meetings. (it is the same in Yoruba, Eyin is a form of respect. It is also the same in French, Vous dites?)
sie, sie & Sie – same letters! Echt?
sie – the first thing to note with this word is that it starts with a small letter ‚s‘ and it simply means ‚she‘
sie – this also starts with a small letter ‚s‘ but means they.
Sie – this starts with a capital letter ‚S‘ and it means You (formal) as explained above.
Wondering how to differentiate between sie (she) and sie (they)? The difference comes from the verb!
So, let’s see the conjugation for the verb ‚to be‘ which is sein in German.
ich bin (isch bin as in dustBIN) – I AM
du bist (duu beast as in beauty & the beast) – YOU ARE
er ist (err isst) – HE IS
sie ist – SHE IS
es ist – IT IS
wir sind (vier sint) – WE ARE
ihr seid (ear sight) – YOU ARE
sie sind – (zee sint) THEY ARE
Sie sind – (zee sint) you are (formal).
Don’t forget the words in bracket are to help us with pronunciation
This is where we put a stop to today’s lesson. See ya next time.
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ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Akinlawon Adebola, also known as una reina is a native of Ogun state Nigeria. A student of University of Ibadan, a translator (English, French and or German languages), a tutor, poet & writer.