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Learn French With Prof Josh, E07 – Gender of french nouns

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Gender Of French Nouns With Prof Josh

Hello friends (salut les amis)!

I hope we are all doing very good. Hope you’ve been working on mastering the lessons on the french liaison.

Good! I officially welcome you to another épisode of “LEARN FRENCH WITH PROFJOSH”. Welcome to class.

In case you missed previous episode which was the last part of the french liaison, Click HERE

Today, we are focusing on the gender of french nouns. In french grammar, the nouns as classified as either masculine or feminine.

Whether they are animate or inanimate objects (living or non-living things), every noun in french has its own gender.

It is no news that trying to differentiate between masculine and feminine nouns has been a whole lot of issues for English learners of french language over the years.

And it really calls for more attention as English learners of french language, most especially the beginners, are still facing this same challenge today.

Permit me to emphatically state here that there is no particular or absolute rules used to determine the gender of french nouns.

The best rule has always been learning each noun together with its gender. That is to say, whenever you come across a french word try to know its gender and memorize it immediately.

To learn a noun together with its gender, you need to know that when the small variable “Le” is placed before the noun, it is a masculine noun.

And when “la” is placed before the nous, it is a feminine now. We’ll get to understand this better when we treat french articles.

That being said, I would like show you some easy ways of knowing when a noun is masculine or feminine. But kindly note that even though this may seem to be a rule, it has exceptions.

And as a matter of fact, when it comes to french language, exceptions are often more in number than the rule. So, let’s just call this a guide to knowing the gender of french nouns.

Cool? Fine, let’s roll!

1. The names of persons or animals of male sex are masculine.

¤ Le père – father

¤ Le frère – brother

¤ Le chien – mâle dog

¤ Le garçon – boy

¤ Le mari – husband

¤ Le coq – cock

2. The names of trees are masculine.

¤ Le cocotier – coconut tree

¤ Le papayer – pawpaw tree

¤ Le manguier – Mango tree

¤ Le citronnier – Lemon tree

3. Days of the week and months of the year are masculine nouns.

N.B: it is not Common to find the variable “le” before days of the weeks/ months of the year in french language.

Most times, they stand alone without any article. But for the saké of this lesson, we will add the article “le”.

Gender of french nouns

Gender of french nouns

¤ le lundi – Monday

¤ le vendredi – Friday

¤ le janvier – January

¤ le décembre – December

4. The names of countries whose endings are not “e” are often masculine nouns.


¤ Le Bénin – Benin

¤ Le Nigéria – Nigeria

¤ Le Gabon – Gabon

¤ Le Togo – Togo

This is where we will pause for today so we can have some ample time to study this and memorize the necessary things.

We shall continue when we meet again. Until then, give serious attention to learning and improving on yourself. Au revoir (ohrvwar) – good bye!


Prof Josh

Prof Josh

Awodirepo Olabayo Joshua, popularly called Profjosh, is a native of Osun state Nigeria, a graduate of French Language and an alumnus of the University of Ibadan, a translator and interpreter (English-French/ French-English), a French language tutor and poem/short stories writer.

Prof Josh works with the OIPLC, Organisation Internationale pour la Promotion des Langues et la Culture an organisation that teaches French, you could check it out if you’re interested, click HERE



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