Salut chers amis (pronounced – saloou sherzami)! -Hello dear friends!
You’ll be hearing from me this week more often than normal due to the peculiarity of the topic at hand.
It wouldn’t be nice for us to take about four weeks to learn the French liaison as it is divided into 4 parts for better understanding.
For this reason, I’ve decided to make all the remaining parts of the lesson come up this week so we can move on to something new.
Hold on! Did you miss the previous lesson? Click HERE if you do
Alright! So, permit me to officially welcome you to another episode of Learn French with Prof Josh.
From our previous lesson, we’ve been made to understand that there are three categories of French liaison. So, we are going to see one of the 3 categories today which is La liason obligatoire – compulsory liaison.
Before we dive into this, may I quickly state that when liaison is made between two words (the preceding word ending with a consonant that is naturally not pronounced and the next word beginning with a vowel), the preceding words that end in s,x,z are pronounced /z/ as in “Les_amis -lay-z-ami”; words that end in t,d are pronounced /t/ as in “quand est-ce – quan-t-es”; words that end in f are pronounced /v/ as in “neuf ans – neu-v-an” and words that end in a nasalized n,m are denasalized as in “mon ami – monami”.
Clear enough? Good.
Back to “la liaison obligatoire”, compulsory liaisons are logically required, that is they must be pronounced no matter what register of French is being spoken.
Compulsory or obligatory liaison occurs between syntactically related words. The following guidelines should give you an idea about the grammatical situations where liaisons are compulsory,but as always, there are some exceptions.
N/B = The liaison occurs where the “_” is placed.
1. NOMINAL GROUP
A. Article + noun/adjective
Les_étudiants – the students
Un_homme – a man
Un_ancien professeur – a former lecturer.
B. Number + noun/adjective
Deux_hommes – two men
Trois_anciens directeurs – three former directors.
C. Adjective + noun
Un grand_homme – a great man
2. VERBAL GROUP
A. Pronoun + verb
Ils_ont – they have
Nous_avons – we have
B. Verb + pronoun (inversion)
Ont_ils mangé? – Have they eaten?
Est_elle belle? – Is she beautiful?
C. Pronoun + pronoun
Voulez-vous-en? – Do you want some?
3. AFTER MONOSYLLABIC ADVERBS, CONJUNCTIONS & PREPOSITIONS
Chez_eux – at their place
Très_utile – very useful
Quand_as-tu mangé? – When did you eat?
=>Quand _+ _est-ce que
Quand_est-ce que tu vas partir? – When are you going to
=> Quand + pronoun
Quand_ils sont arrivés – when they arrived
Quand_on parle – when one is speaking
4. FIXED EXPRESSIONS
liaison is compulsory for many fixed expressions in french. Here are few of them:
pas_à pas – step by step
vis_à-vis – towards / as regards
c’est_à-dire – that is (to say)
avant_hier – before yesterday
comment_allez-vous? How are you?
I hope we’ve been able to learn some few things. This is where we’ll end the lesson for today.
I hope you didn’t forget that where you find the “_” is where the liaison is taking place.
See you on wednesday when other types of liaison will come up.
Feel free to drop your comments and ask questions.
Enjoy the rest of the day.
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ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Awodirepo Olabayo Joshua, popularly called Profjosh, is a native of Osun state Nigeria, a graduate of French Language and an alumnus of the University of Ibadan, a translator and interpreter (English-French/ French-English), a French language tutor and poem/short stories writer.