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Learn French With Prof Josh, E09 – French Articles (Definite Article)

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Salut mes chers amis (salou may sherzami) Hello my dear friends! I believe you are all doing very good.

And hope the class has been of help to you. Thanks for choosing to Learn french with Profjosh.

So, I would like to quickly welcome you to another episode of LEARN FRENCH WITH PROFJOSH.

As it was stated in our previous lesson on gender of french nouns, we will be looking into french articles.

If you missed the previous lesson, click

If you have understood the lesson on pgender of french nouns very well, then you’ll have little or no challenge with understanding the french articles.

Have you or you may have noticed that in french language, nouns don’t exist in isolation. They often have a small variable word that is placed before them to indicate their gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural).

In some cases, this small variable word may not be translated in English just like in “La chaise – Chair” . It may not necessarily be translated as “the chair” except for specificity as it is in the case of definite articles.

We will be treating 3 different types of articles in french which are: definite articles (les articles définis), indefinite articles (les articles indéfinis) and partitive articles (les articles partitifs).

Our focus for today is going to be on the first which is “definite article” . Read carefully and take note where necessary.

1. Definite article (l’article défini): a definite article is an article that introduces a noun and specifies it as the particular noun that is being considered. It shows precision about a particular noun in question. In english language, the only definite article we have is “THE”. So, if i say “go call me the boy” you can be sure of whom to call because the article attached to “boy” is specific and precise. Gotten? Cool.

definite article

There are 4 types of definite articles in french language.

Reason being that the definite article a word carries is determined by its gender (masculine/féminine) or its number (singular or plural).

The 4 definite articles in french are : le, la, l’ & les. Kindly note that all these four mean only one thing in english language which is “THE”.

A. Le (the) =>> this is used for masculine singular nouns.

Examples : Le garçon – the boy

Le père – the father

Le stylo – the Biro

Le professeur – the teacher

Le tableau – the board

B. La (the) =>> this is used for feminine singular nouns.

Examples : La femme – the woman

La fille – the girl

La chaise – the chair

La table – the table

La ville – the city

C. L’ (the) =>> this is used for masculine and feminine singular nouns that start with a, e, i, o, u or a silent h.

Examples : L’école – the school

L’orange – the orange

L’homme – the man

L’immeuble – the building

L’université – the University

D. Les (the) =>> this is used for both masculine and feminine plural nouns.

This means as long as the noun is a plural noun you do not need to be worried about the gender of the noun.

What can probably bring some worries here would be how to recognize a plural noun.

Well, this will be a discussion for another class. However, for the sake of this class (putting the beginners into consideration) permit me to say that once you find an “s” at the end of a word, Such a word is in plural form.

Although there may be some cases that will be differents just as it is in english. E.g. Boy- boys. BUT
man – men and not “mans”.

Alright! That been said, let us quickly see some examples in line with our focus for today.

Examples : Les garçons – the boys

Les stylos – the biros

Les professeurs – the teachers

Les femmes – the women

Les filles – the girls

Les tables – the tables

Les écoles – the schools

Les hommes – the men

Les oranges – the oranges

We shall stop here for today. The best way to keep Learning is not quitting learning.

So, till we meet again don’t stop learning and increasing in knowledge.

Find yourself a better means of adding practical to the theories you are getting from here.

Feel free to contact us for any question or extra help to improve on your learning of french language.

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Prof Josh

Prof Josh

Awodirepo Olabayo Joshua, popularly called Profjosh, is a native of Osun state Nigeria, a graduate of French Language and an alumnus of the University of Ibadan, a translator and interpreter (English-French/ French-English), a French language tutor and poem/short stories writer.

Prof Josh works with the OIPLC, Organisation Internationale pour la Promotion des Langues et la Culture an organisation that teaches French, you could check it out if you’re interested, click


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  1. Pingback: Learn French With Prof Josh, E10 - French Articles (Indefinite Article) - LUYIS UPDATES

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